One thing is very true concerning the Gospel of salvation—the
revelations of Jesus Christ—the kingdom of God upon the earth: Let any
people enjoy peace and quietness, unmolested, undisturbed—never be
persecuted for their religion, and they are very likely to neglect
their duty, to become cold and indifferent, and lose their faith. That
is the experience of every person, more or less; and I wish to offer a
few reflections on the propriety of the Lord's leading this people in
the way that he does. We believe, for it is so written in the Bible,
that the Lord wishes a people of his own—a kingdom of his own upon
this earth, which is his.
June 27, 1844, a little over fourteen years after the organization of
this Church, Joseph Smith was slain. In his day there were but very
few years of rest for the Saints. They occupied Nauvoo longer than any
other one place: they lived there about seven years. We left Nauvoo in
1846, and from that time until now this Church has not been compelled
to abandon their property and homes. We came here in the best and
quickest way in our power, and have been building, fencing, planting,
sowing, and making ourselves comfortable. It is now more than ten
years since we first located here, unmolested and undisturbed.
If we will reflect upon our own ex perience, and what has passed before
us during that time, and notice the facts now transpiring, we cannot
avoid knowing that much of the conduct of this people has been
directly in opposition to our becoming the kingdom of God in its
purity on the earth. Let the people consider for themselves whether we
have, so far as we could have done, been taking a course to become
that kingdom that we anticipate, or whether we have not been more or
less dependent upon our enemies for many things that we could have
produced, or done without. When persons can understand the ways of the
Lord, and what he designs concerning his people, they will know that
it was absolutely necessary for the Lord to take the course he has
with this people, in order to bring forth that which he designs to
produce in the latter times. Were we to live unmolested,
uninterrupted, without persecution and hatred from our enemies, as I
have told you, and it has been sounded in your ears all the day long,
we might expect that we had apostatized from the truth. Persecution
and hatred by those who love not the truth are a legacy bequeathed by
the Savior to all his followers; for he said they should be hated of
all men for his name's sake. If we had ceased to be persecuted and
hated, we might fear; but the prospect is encouraging.
For a few weeks past, so far as I have knowledge from the reports made
to me, the people have never felt so well since they have been in
these Valleys. The prospect of ancient "Mormonism," of again leaving
our homes, probably gives a spring to our feelings, especially since
we, for the first time, have the privilege of laying waste our
improvements, and are not obliged to leave our inheritances to
strangers to enjoy and revel in the fruits of our labors. It is a
consolation to me that I have the privilege of laying in ashes and in
the dust the improvements I have made, rather than those who would cut
my throat, solely for my faith, shall inhabit my buildings and enjoy
my fields and fruits. Heretofore I have often left my home and the
fruits of my labors for others to enjoy.
Persecution is learning us to adopt a course for self-preservation, as
you will readily understand from a few circumstances I will mention.
Within a few weeks, for the first time to my knowledge since we have
been settled in these valleys, a sister, wife, or family in this
community has taken the pains to pick up a few potatoes, that would
otherwise be wasted, and make them into starch. A woman can, in an
hour or two, make a pound or a pound and a half of starch from
potatoes that would lie and rot. Has this been done heretofore? Not to
my knowledge. And so long as brooms were brought from the States,
people would not raise broom corn. And so long as traders brought in
starch, would our women make it? No; though a woman can, in a short
time, make a dollar and a half or two dollar's worth from potatoes
that would otherwise go to waste. Would this community condescend to
make starch, so long as it was imported and they could buy it? They
would not. I say it, because they did not. And if there were tons of
starch here, they would find market for the whole of it, while the
hard-earned fruits of the husbandman's labor would lie and rot.
Who has controlled circumstances to learn us to sustain ourselves?
Have you and I? No, not in the least; but it has been accomplished by
the Providence that leads us. We have been urging the people for years
and years to do these things they are now compelled to. From the time
we came here, you have been told to take bran or potatoes and make
starch, and not buy it in the stores. Who would have been at the
trouble of making cloth, if it could be bought of Gentile traders? Do
you think many in this community would? No, no more than the women
would have made starch. The women had not time, though they had time
to visit from one end of the city to the other. They could take time
to run to the stores—to walk a mile or two shopping every day, but
they never had time to make a little starch, or spin a little stocking
yarn for themselves, if those articles could be bought in the stores.
I am satisfied that the people now begin to learn that they can make
their own clothing, and that those who do not learn will run the risk
of being uncomfortably clad. But would this people, by their wisdom,
ever have brought themselves to that independence that God will, by
his providence, in a seeming chastisement? I say seeming, for it is no
chastisement: it is a blessing to this people, and one of the greatest
that can be bestowed upon us, to cut the thread between us and our
enemies, and oblige us to sustain ourselves in everything that we can
produce with our labor, skill, and economy. The Lord can bring this
about, or cause the Devil to do it, just as he pleases.
If we would only forsake our re ligion, our enemies would spare
us and hail us as friends; but if we will not yield that point, they
will endeavor to destroy us. But the Lord Almighty rules in the
heavens, and controls our enemies to a certain extent, and overrules
their acts. He has his own purposes to accomplish as much now as he
ever has had upon the face of the earth—as much as he had in the
crucifixion of the Savior. Could he have found a righteous man on the
earth who would have betrayed his only Son? He could not. Would a man
with his eyes open to see, and filled with the revelations of the
Lord, have betrayed Jesus into the hands of Pilate? No. God overruled
and selected a hypocrite—an ungodly, base, vile wretch, and placed him
among the Apostles to accomplish that purpose, as much as he raised up
God never hardened the heart of Pharaoh; he never ordained that
wickedness should possess any man. Judas loved wickedness from his
youth. Pharaoh was raised up to do what he did, because he was wicked
from his youth: wickedness and hatred to every holy principle took
possession of him, and God set him on the throne of Egypt to
accomplish his purposes.
So it is with the men who are at the helm of our Government: God has
selected them to rule, because the people are wicked, and will not
hearken to his voice. They have killed his Prophets and many of his
people, and he has placed corrupt, wicked men in office to rule and
bear sway—what for? To show forth his wisdom. The hand of God is in
all this, and he lets loose those wicked creatures, in order to drive
us to do that which his mercies fail to induce us to perform.
Let him pour gold and silver into our laps, and cause the earth to
yield that abundance we desire, and would we know how to appreciate
and use such great blessings?
If we constantly have plenty, pleasure, ease, and comfort, will the
women make starch? No. Will they braid straw for hats and bonnets? No.
How many bonnets are manufactured in this Territory? Can you see a
woman here today wearing a beautiful straw bonnet, the work of her
own hands? There are a few coarse ones, when you can make them either
fine or coarse.
I have prevailed upon a few men to commence hat-making, and they have
done something towards supplying the market; and a few are engaged in
tanning leather: but if we had plenty of gold and silver and stores
full of goods, would the people engage in and encourage home
manufacture? No, as past experience has proved. They would be riding
around in their carriages, and talking about going to California,
where they can get gold and make themselves rich.
The Lord cannot save us in riches, because we do not yet know what to
do with them. And when we are blessed and favored, like the children
of Israel in olden times, we wax fat and kick.
It is purely in order to save the greatest possible number of this
people, that circumstances have transpired as they have; and it is a
marvel that the Lord has let us have so long a time of peace.
Now the sisters begin to learn that such an article as flax used to be
raised and manufactured in their young days; and I hear a number
saying, "If I had flax, I could work it up." You may now hear men say,
"We used to make oil from flax seed." But if you had plenty of money,
and traders brought oil here, you would never raise a seed.
Flax cultivated only for oil will pay as well as any other crop that
is raised, to say nothing of the lint, which is in great
Have I been able to procure a single gallon of homemade flax seed oil?
No. Some of our mechanics, who were used to making oil mills, heard
that I was determined to make one, and proffered their plans and
services. When the new-fangled press was completed, at a cost of about
a thousand dollars, it was reported, for the first time to me, that
some haircloth of a peculiar kind must be procured for making sacks in
which to press the seed; and we sent to New York and many other cities
in the States, without success, for cloth to suit the "wedge press."
They made an expensive press; but, as yet, what is it good for? A
cheap old-fashioned press could have been readily put up, and long ago
we might have been using oil of our own make. I would commend a man
who would begin to make linseed oil here. Had I followed my own
judgment in the matter, I would have had a press and plenty of oil,
without paying eight dollars a gallon for it.
For the first time since we came to this country, sheep are being
regarded and cared for as they should be. I brought sheep into this
valley and have bought many here, and ought at this day to have forty
thousand head, if I could have had men that would take care of my
flocks. I have a few hundred left, which, no doubt, have cost me
from twenty-five to fifty dollars each; but I persevere, and my women
make cloth: you see my children dressed in homemade. And now some
women begin to recollect that flax was raised in England, Scotland,
Ireland, and the United States; and they have a faint remembrance of
certain articles what their mothers called spinning wheels; and they
really begin to think that they can spin, and many of the younger ones
would like to learn to spin.
Let the calicos lie on the shelves and rot. I would rather build
buildings every day, and burn them down at night, than have traders
here communing with our enemies outside, and keeping up a hell all the
time, and raising devils to keep it going. They brought their hell
with them. We can have enough of our own, without their help.
This is the deliverance of our Father in heaven, placing us in the
circumstances we now are in; and it is for the benefit, growth,
welfare, and upbuilding of the kingdom of God, with us in it. Nothing
else would do it.
We can raise cotton, flax, and wool for manufacturing all the cloth we
need. We can make our own leather, hats, &c. And that is not all: the
Lord intends we shall do it. I am thankful. How do you feel? Better, I
presume, than you ever have.
There is a great deal of inquiry as to whether we shall be under the
necessity of burning. We are now under the necessity of preparing for
it, and that is enough for the present.
I wish union: it is stronger than buildings, and will accomplish much
more for us. And I hope the Lord will suffer us to pass through enough
to cleanse sin and selfishness from us. When I reflect upon it, it is
almost discouraging that many who have been in this Church a score of
years, and have been in drivings, mobbings, death, and affliction, are
filled with covetousness, which is idolatry, and do not know what to
do with blessings when they have them, nor know where they come from.
I am not discouraged, but intend to persevere as long as I possess
The Lord is leading this people as he designs for the building up of
his kingdom, and we need not worry ourselves about it. You were told,
last season, when we heard that an army was on its way here, that we
would rather lay waste this Territory than yield our rights to men who
have no regard for, neither understand the Constitutional
rights of the people; and the people said amen to that purpose. We
were able, last fall, to keep them from us, and we are well able to
defend this city—how long, I do not know.
If we love our improvements and property better than we love the lives
of our brethren, the Lord will lead us in a way to waste us instead of
our property. Can you understand that it is better to lose property
than the lives of men, women, and children? But if we are so wedded to
our property that we would rather fight for it than sacrifice it, if
required, for our religion, then we are in a condition to be wasted,
and our property would go into the hands of our enemies.
We are able to defend the city and keep out our enemies; but if we
prove to our Father in heaven and to one another that we are willing
to hand back to him that which he has given us (which is not a
sacrifice), and that we love not the world nor the things of the
world, he will preserve the people until they can become righteous.
You never heard me say that we would stick to this city; but we will
defend ourselves against the floods of iniquity which our enemies wish
to overwhelm us with by the introduction of a licentious and corrupted
If we vacate the ground, that may satisfy them; but if they undertake
to come in before we are ready, we will send them to their long home.
Some may marvel why the Lord says, "Rather than fight your enemies, go
away." It is because many of the people are so grossly wicked, that,
were we to go out to fight, thousands of the Elders would go into
eternity, and women and children would perish.
Is every man and woman wicked? No: the majority of this people are
doing the best they can; but the ignorance of the people is
astonishing. Be patient. The Lord is full of mercy and great kindness,
and bears with our weaknesses; and he wishes to bear with us until we
come to understanding—until we know how to be righteous before him. I
do not want men to go into eternity clothed with unrighteousness.
We have talked about redeeming Zion, but the people are not yet
righteous enough to receive and build up Zion in its purity, though
they are growing to it.
I have a certain knowledge within me that the Elders of Israel will
never be permitted to lay judgment to the line and righteousness to
the plummet, with regard to the wicked and ungodly, until they
understand righteous principles, and live to them. I do not care if we
live until doomsday, and are hunted as long as we live, and go into
the grave, and our sons and daughters come up after us, if they cannot
arrive to the knowledge of the truth, they also will have to live in
sorrow and affliction until they are worn out, and another generation
shall come up after them. God is not willing that unholy hands shall
carry out his judgments in the latter days.
When men go out to fight, I want them to go so full of the power of
God that balls cannot hit them, and that the judgments and mercy of
the Almighty may rest in their hearts: then they will know what to do.
Let this people go together, and be together, and let the women say
there is such a thing as flax, and such a thing as a wheel with which
to spin it. That makes me think of a young Boston lady on a visit to
the country. She did not wish it known that she was at all
countryfied, but wanted to appear quite delicate, and upon seeing a
flock of geese, "O dear me," said she, "what are those geese?"
Some of our women are inclined to say, "What do you mean by a
spinning wheel? What do you mean by a loom?" Such are female loafers,
who bring up their children in idleness, and buy starch in the stores
instead of making it. But now, thank God, there are no stores in which
to buy; and I hope there will not be any more here, for it is the
conduct of traders who have fattened in our midst that has brought an
army into our Territory. I would rather see every building and fence
laid in ashes than to see a trader come in here with his goods. I want
you to understand that we are in favor of home manufacture in good
earnest. Raise sheep and flax, and make cloth, and raise cotton, as
fast as you can, and we will try to improve.
I am willing to leave this place, if I am called upon, and to take
joyfully the spoiling of my goods. It is all right. It is a trouble
for us to take care of the property we have; and if I knew that it was
just as pleasing to the Lord, I would rather reduce it to ashes. We
can move chairs, bureaus, &c. "Shall we take out such articles first?"
Charge your minds with this counsel, Bishops and all Elders of Israel:
The articles of food are first to be moved to safe places. Take care
of the eatables, and see that they are well secured. Take care of our
grain, &c., first; and see that the Indians cannot get our oxen and
cows. Then we will take care of the people; and then, if we have time,
we can move more or less of the valuable furniture, and cache our
doors, lumber, &c. Perhaps we may come back here, and perhaps not. I
would as soon be here as anywhere, and anywhere as here, wherever the
Lord may require me.
With regard to doctrinal points, that which we do not understand
should not be talked about in this stand; and the Elders of Israel
should never contend about any point of doctrine that does not pertain
to the present day's salvation. Brother Hyde has been speaking of our
Father and God. The remarks are very good; but what does the point
involved in his remarks concern us? It is neither here nor there; and
there are many ideas that may be advanced without enlightening our
minds. When I go to where Joseph is, he will be the President of this
dispensation. If he is the God that stands there, and I do not see any
other, it will be right; or if Peter is God, all right, for he never
will become a God, unless he is duly exalted to that station. Joseph
will not be God to this people, unless he is crowned a God; and if he
is, he will be like the rest of the Gods, and what will be the
difference? Suppose that Enoch, Abraham, or Moses be our God, or the
Prophet Isaiah, what is the difference? Who cares? There are many
things the brethren talk about that are neither here nor there to us.
They had better be looking after a few potatoes from which to make
starch, or straw for making bonnets.
Eight years ago I told you to gather up and save your wagon covers
and tents, for you would want them; and since then I have seen
thousands of good cloth needlessly exposed to the elements, and
rotting in our streets. Now people need the cloth they walked
underfoot years ago. Who will pity them? Not I. There has been more
cloth wasted, during the ten years past, than would clothe this
community. The calicos, starch, sugar, candle-wicking, &c., are now
gone. Are there many in this congregation who can make candle-wicking
out of cotton? "Do they make it of cotton? Really I am surprised!" Do
not be so ignorant, but say you can make it. A few years ago, a widow
came here with five children. She was poor, and at first engaged in binding shoes, next in closing them, then in putting on the
soles, and finally in making light shoes; and last fall she had
apprentices, and made thirty pairs of the boots that were furnished to
the Quartermaster's Department. She has a house, a cow, and a
garden—the fruits of her labor and economy, and would outstrip many
of our mechanics in earning a living. She knew what leather was; and
when she saw a flock of geese, she did not ask, "What are those
geese?" but said, "Those are geese, and I wish I had them to
Remember the counsel you have heard today, and prepare for burning.
May the Lord bless you! You have my prayers, good feelings, and faith
all the time; and I trust that the kindness and mercies of our Father
in heaven are such that he will bear with us in our weaknesses until
we can learn truth and righteousness, and practice it; which may God