Sometimes I think it quite strange that the children of men are so
constituted as to need to be taught one lesson all the time, and again
it is not so marvelous to me, when I reflect upon and understand
their organization, and the designed effect thereupon of this state of
probation. Men are organized to be independent in their sphere, are
organized for an independent being, yet they have, as soldiers term
it, to run the gauntlet all the time. They are organized to be just as
independent as any being in eternity, but that independence, in order
for them to occupy a position in the sphere of an independent being
having control over all things, must be proved and tried while in this
state of existence, must be operated upon by the good and the evil.
It is not so strange to me that the people should continually
need talking to, that they should continually need instructing, when
I take this view of the matter. Mothers when bringing up their
children, if they will observe and reflect, can see and understand the
feelings of the whole human family. The mother says to the child,
"Don't do that; you must not handle those things;" but the little
child thinks itself just as capable of handling a teacup, or a
tumbler, as are father and mother. The little girl takes up a broom to
sweep the hearth, but if mother is not watching her she may let the
broom take fire and set it by the bed, and thereby the bed and then
the building be set in a blaze. In the actions of their children
parents can detect the course of all, from the king upon his throne to
the humblest peasant, they are all performing their part on the
theater of the earth.
People may be advanced far in life, and yet be surrounded by
weaknesses comparatively like those of children. The man or woman of
eighty, sixty, forty, twenty, or the child of two or five years of
age, have something ahead of them to attain to, and which they are
striving to accomplish. There is a principle in the feelings of people
which is implanted in their organization expressly for them to become
independent, to become Gods, and it is continually urging them to
reach forward and to wish to do and perform that which they do not
understand. These weaknesses are in the organization, irrespective of
age. True, persons can do many things at twenty-five years of age
which they could not do when but five years old, and men may know much
more at fifty than at twenty, yet the same common weakness is apparent
which you can see exhibited in the little child. There is one rule to
adopt, one course to pursue, one lesson to be learned, and it is
applicable alike to all ages, from the child of one or two years old
to the greyhaired veteran, and which, if they would learn, would
prove highly beneficial, and that is, to do those things which they
know they can do, and when required by a superior to do a thing they
never have done, to take the advice of those who have successfully
performed the same act, and then with the best skill they can command,
do as they are told, and thus further their education in life and be
If the child could understand and be satisfied that the mother knows
better than it does, when it is told to let the dishes alone, the
broom, or the pincushion, or not to swing on the table lest it be
turned over and break the dishes, or not to do this or that, and that
such and such things it might do, it would be a great aid to it to
take the course laid down by a judicious parent, and would save it
much trouble while passing through its mortal career. I ask myself why
it is that people do not learn to be satisfied and contented with what
they do know, until they are instructed and learn more, and practice
this principle in their lives. We are taught here all the time to be
passive and contented, to do the things we know how to do. Still I
have no question, but what, if I could unobserved and unknown to them
listen to the remarks of many of the Elders, or of brethren and
sisters, I should hear doctrines taught and suggestions made which God
never designed to have His servants teach. At the same time remarks
such as these might be dropped, "I am impressed and the Spirit leads
me thus and so; true I believe all that is written and taught, but I
tell you that brother Brigham does not tell us all of it; he says he
does not, but that he tells us as fast as we can understand and
practice what he does teach." Now that is true; but all do not stop
and reflect, neither do they fully understand the principles
of the Gospel, the principles of the holy Priesthood; and from this
cause many imbibe the idea that they are capable of leading out in
teaching principles that never have been taught. They are not aware
that the moment they give way to this hallucination the devil has
power over them to lead them on to unholy ground; though this is a
lesson which they ought to have learned long ago, yet it is one that
was learned by but few in the days of Joseph.
I was speaking about this matter last night, about the feelings of the
people towards the Prophet Joseph. The mass of the people never
realized, to the day of his death, but what Joseph was made by them.
They actually believed that he was amenable to the people, that he did
not know it all, and that other men knew things which he did not know
concerning the kingdom of God on the earth.
Here let me give you one lesson that may be profitable to many. If the
Lord Almighty should reveal to a High Priest, or to any other than the
head, things that are, or that have been and will be, and show to him
the destiny of this people twenty-five years from now, or a new
doctrine that will in five, ten, or twenty years hence become the
doctrine of this Church and kingdom, but which has not yet been
revealed to this people, and reveal it to him by the same Spirit, the
same messenger, the same voice, and the same power that gave
revelations to Joseph when he was living, it would be a blessing to
that High Priest, or individual; but he must rarely divulge it to a
second person on the face of the earth, until God reveals it through
the proper source to become the property of the people at large.
Therefore when you hear Elders, High Priests, Seventies, or the
Twelve (though you cannot catch any of the Twelve there, but you may
the High Priests, Seventies, and Elders), say that God does not reveal
through the President of the Church that which they know, and tell
wonderful things, you may generally set it down as God's truth that
the revelation they have had, is from the devil, and not from God. If
they had received from the proper source, the same power that revealed
to them would have shown them that they must keep the things revealed
in their own bosoms, and they seldom would have a desire to disclose
them to the second person. That is a general rule, but will it apply
in every case, and to the people called the kingdom of God at all
times? No, not in the strictest sense, but the Spirit which reveals
will impart the proper discretion. All the people have not learned
this lesson, they should have learned it long ago.
As I have already observed, comparatively few learned, in the days of
Joseph, that he was placed between the people and God, that they had
no more right to dictate him than they had to dictate the angel
Gabriel, that they had no more business to interfere with him, or call
him to an account, than we have to call to an account the angel
This we all ought to understand, and also how and when to teach and
practice what we do know, and when we have done that much then stop
until we learn more.
I know, and so do many others, by experience, by what we have seen and
passed through, by what has passed before us and by what we have seen
in others, that when the devil cannot overcome an individual through
temptation to commit wickedness, when he sees that a person is
determined to walk to the line and travel straight forward into the
Celestial Kingdom, he will adopt a course of flattery, will strive to
exercise a pleasing influence and move along smoothly with him, and
when he sees an opportunity he will try to turn him out of the way, if it is only to the extent of a hair's breadth. And if he
cannot keep a person this side the Gospel line, he will walk with that
individual on the line and strive to push him over.
That is so invariably the case that people need eyes to see, and
understanding to know how to discriminate between the things of God
and the things that are not of Him. Will this people learn? I am happy
and joyful, I am thankful, and can say of a truth, brethren and
sisters, that the manifestations of goodness from this people are not
to be compared, in my opinion, with those from any other people upon
the face of the whole earth since the days of Enoch.
Old Israel, in all their travels, wanderings, exercises, powers, and
keys of the Priesthood, never came nigh enough to the path this people
have walked in to see them in their obedience that was and is
required by the Gospel. Yet there are thousands of weaknesses and
overt acts in some of this people, which render us more or less
obnoxious to each other.
Still, you may search all the history extant of the children of
Israel, or that of any people that ever lived on the face of the earth
since the days of Enoch, and I very much doubt, taking that people
with their traditions, and comparing them with this mixed multitude
from the different nations now in the world with our traditions,
whether you would find a people from the days of Enoch until now that
could favorably compare with this people in their willingness to obey
the Gospel, and to go all lengths to build up the kingdom of God.
I have said a great many times, and repeat it now, and whether I am
mistaken or not I will leave for the future to determine, and though,
as I do, Joseph when living reproved the people, that I believe with
all my heart that the people who gathered around Enoch, and lived with
him and built up his City, when they had traveled the same length of
time in their experience as this people have, were not as far advanced
in the things of the kingdom of God.
Make your own comparisons between the two people, think of the
traditions of the two. How many nations were there in the days of
Enoch? The very men who were associated with him had been with Adam;
they knew him and his children, and had the privilege of talking with
God. Just think of it.
Though we have it in history that our father Adam was made of the dust
of this earth, and that he knew nothing about his God previous to
being made here, yet it is not so; and when we learn the truth we
shall see and understand that he helped to make this world, and was
the chief manager in that operation.
He was the person who brought the animals and the seeds from other
planets to this world, and brought a wife with him and stayed here.
You may read and believe what you please as to what is found written
in the Bible. Adam was made from the dust of an earth, but not from
the dust of this earth. He was made as you and I are made, and no
person was ever made upon any other principle.
Do you not suppose that he was acquainted with his associates, who
came and helped to make this earth? Yes, they were just as familiar
with each other as we are with our children and parents.
Suppose a number of our sons were going to Carson Valley to build
houses, open farms, and erect mills and workshops, and that we should
say to them that we wish them to stay there five years, and that then
we will come and visit them, when I go there will they be afraid of
me? No, they would receive me as their father, just as Adam received
The very man who walked and talked with and knew the God of heaven,
and knew and understood all about making this earth had associates who
were associated with Enoch, and yet twenty-five years of the travel
and experience of Enoch with his people had not advanced them so far,
in my opinion, as this people have advanced in the same time, taking
into account the difference of traditions and other advantages.
They had not a diversity of languages, but all spoke one language;
they were not trained in the various traditions in which we have been,
for they received only one from Adam; they were as intimately
associated as we would be in living in this City two hundred years,
with the gates shut down upon all egress and ingress, and under such
circumstances do you not think that our traditions would be all alike?
Yet Enoch had to talk with and reach his people during a period of
three hundred and sixty years, before he could get them prepared to
enter into their rest, and then he obtained power to translate himself
and his people, with the region they inhabited, their houses, gardens,
fields, cattle, and all their possessions. He had learned enough from
Adam and his associates, to know how to handle the elements, and those
who would not listen to his teachings were so wicked that they were
fit to be destroyed, and he obtained power to take his portion of the
earth and move out a little while, where he remains to this day.
You know that I sometimes reprove you because you deserve it, yet
there is a constant and rapid increase of willingness to build up this
Where is there a woman that would say to her husband, or to her son,
"I do not wish you to go on the mission you have been called to
perform?" That would say, "It is true you were called, but I do not
like to have you go, cannot you get excused and stay at home?" I do
not believe you could find five such women in this Territory.
There may be a few who are going to California that would say, "Yes,
you may go on your mission, but I will go with you." All they desire
is to get away. Can you find five such women?
I care not if they should be old ladies of seventy-five years of age
and had not the first thing to subsist upon, and though their whole
dependence was upon their sons or husbands, they would say, "Go John,
my son; or, go husband, if you do not we shall suffer; but if you go
and do your duty God will provide for us in your absence." Are not
these the feelings of every wife and mother?
In the midst of all this some talk about sacrifices, but upon that
point I wish to be allowed to differ from the class who view the
matter in that light.
There may be some few exceptions, but I have made no sacrifices.
"Mormonism" has done everything for me that ever has been done for me
on the earth; it has made me happy, it has made me wealthy and
comfortable; it has filled me with good feelings, with joy and
rejoicing. Whereas, before I possessed the spirit of the Gospel, I was
troubled with that which I hear others complain of, that is, with, at
times, feeling cast down, gloomy, and desponding; with everything
wearing to me, at times, a dreary aspect.
But have the trees, the streams, the rocks, or any part of creation
worn a gloomy aspect to me for one-half minute since I came in
possession of the Spirit of this Gospel? No, though before that time I
might view the most beautiful gardens, buildings, cities,
plantations, or anything else in nature, yet to me they all wore at
times a shade of death.
They appeared at times as though a veil was brooding over them, which
cast a dark shade upon all things, like the shade of the valley of
death, and I felt lonesome and bad. But since I have embraced the
Gospel not for one-half minute, to the best of my recollection, has
anything worn to me a gloomy aspect, under all circumstances I have
felt pleasant and cheerful.
When surrounded by mobs, with death and destruction threatening on
every hand, I am not aware but that I felt just as joyful, just as
well in my spirit, as I do now. Prospects might appear dull and very
dark, but I have never seen a time in this Gospel but what I knew that
the result would be beneficial to the cause of truth and the lovers of
righteousness, and I have always felt to joyfully acknowledge the hand
of the Lord in all things.
When I was among the wicked, they looked to me as do the wicked, and
when I saw devils possessing the bodies of the children of men I knew
that God permitted it, and that He permitted them to be on the earth,
and wherein would this be a state of probation, without those devils?
We cannot even give endowments without representing a devil.
What would we know about heaven or happiness were it not for their
opposite? Consequently we could not have got along so well and so
rapidly without those mobocrats. And if mobbers should happen to come
here do not look too sour at them, for we need them.
We could not build up the kingdom of God without the aid of devils,
they must help to do it. They persecute and drive us from city to
city, from place to place, until we learn the difference between the
power of God and the power of the devil.
But does it then follow that we should say to them, "Come on here, we
are good fellows well met?" By no means, care must be observed that we
do not overrun the rule; we only need enough of them to help do up the
If we should get too many here they would overcome the good, and the
Saints would have to flee.
Some of our Elders desire all the time to say, as I plainly phrase it,
"How do you do brother Christ, and how do you do brother devil? Walk
in and take breakfast with me."
I consider such men useful in their places. This fact was very clearly
exemplified to me in a dream which I had while so many were going to
California, at a time when many of the brethren were under quite an
excitement about the Saints going there to dig gold.
I thought considerably about the movement, and there had been a
feeling abroad among the people that when the Saints got into the
mountains "judgment would be laid to the line, and righteousness to the
plummet," that the axe would be laid at the root of the tree, and that
every person who did not meet the measure would, in accordance with
the iron bedstead rule, be chopped off if too long, and stretched out
if too short.
Several supposed that this would be the case; and perhaps thought that
they would be able to so sanctify themselves, that in one year they
could take Great Salt Lake Valley and the regions round about up to
Enoch, or have him come here. I did not so view the matter, and did
not give any special instructions upon it.
At that time I dreamed that while I was a little below the road and
just north of the Hot Springs, about four miles from here, I saw
brother Joseph coming and walked up to the road to see him, and asked
him where he was going? He replied, "I am going north."
There were two or three horsemen along, and some men were riding with
him upon a few boards placed loosely upon the running gears of a
wagon, upon which were also a tent and camp utensils. I wished to talk
with him, but he did not seem inclined to conversation, and it
occurred to me that he was going to Captain James Brown's to buy all
I had been promised ten or a dozen of them, but I thought that he was
going to buy every one, and that I should not get a single goat to put
with my sheep, and I laughed in my sleep.
Pretty soon he came back, with a large flock of sheep and goats
following the wagon, and as I looked upon them I saw some sheep that
were white, pure, and clean, and as large as a two-year-old cow, with
wool from ten to twenty inches in length, as fine as silk and as white
as the driven snow.
With them were all lesser sizes down to the smallest goat or sheep I
ever saw, and all mixed up together. I saw some sheep with hair like
that of goats, and goats of all colors, red, black, white, &c., mixed
with the sheep; and their sizes, colors, and quality of fleeces,
seemed to be almost innumerable.
I remarked to Joseph that he had got the strangest flock I ever saw,
and looked at him slyly and laughed, and asked him what he was going
to do with them. He looked at me in his usual shrewd manner and
replied, "They are all good in their places."
On awaking I at once understood the dream, and I then said, go to
California, or where you please, for goats are as good in their places
as sheep, until the time for them to mingle is over. And in striving
to guide and improve the flock we sometimes have to cry out, shoo, and
at other times to draw them nigh by calling, sheep, sheep.
We are trying to train the flock, and to turn the goats into sheep,
and the spotted, ring-streaked and speckled into beautiful white, and
how shall we succeed? Perhaps we shall see rather a curious flock at
last, but we will do the best we can.
Sometimes I rise up here and really feel to storm at some who are in
this community, for their conduct is awful, it is outrageous. I
presume I could come here this afternoon and eat bread and drink of
the cup, in the name of Israel's God, with men who would go straight
from the communion and steal my property.
Let us consider this point a little, for this matter has been through
me, round me, over me, and under me; I have turned it inside out and
round about and looked at it, and then I have turned it over again.
Brother Fullmer has just alluded to the rails disappearing from
fences. Are not your fences taken? Is not your clothing taken when it
is hung out to dry? And is not wood taken from your woodpiles? How
many have to lock up their wood, or lose it? Taking property without
leave from the owner is what I call stealing, but many who practice
that do not so understand it.
Even if I had to work by the day for bread, wood, clothing, and
comforts for myself and family, and should then without authority go
and take wood from brother Joseph's woodpile, were he living here and
President of the Church, my judgment, what I know of right and wrong,
the traditions of my fathers, and the teachings of my parents and of
the neighbors where I was brought up would all confirm me in the
belief that I was stealing. Do all persons feel so? No, they do not.
During two or three of the past winters, except the last, I have no
question but that women and children carried from one to three cords
of wood per day from my woodyard, and when the wood was scarce
they would take my fence poles. I have myself seen them take
backloads of wood and then fill their bags with the chips and small
sticks, but when they took my fence poles and posts I stopped them,
and told them that if they were not satisfied with taking my wood
without taking my fencing to leave my yard, and not to come there to
steal any more.
But do I see some there yet? Yes, you may see women and children
carrying away my wood every day. If my workmen ask them what they are
doing, they reply, "Brother Brigham said I might have some wood, he
will not say anything." Do you suppose that those persons fully
realize that they are stealing? No.
I will tell you a little that I know about the difference in
traditions and customs, and will go no further than where I have
traveled and preached. A large number of the inhabitants in the old
countries are tenants, renting houses for longer or shorter periods,
generally for from three to twelve months.
Now suppose that A, when vacating a house, accidentally leaves his
pocketbook in a cupboard, and that B, who next occupies the same
building, finds A's pocketbook with, perhaps, twenty sovereigns in
it; what does the custom of that country warrant in such a case? Their
traditions are such that B claims that property as his own, and A
cannot get it, unless B is honest enough to give it up.
B's course in that case may not be in accordance with law, but it is
according to custom, which in such instances is stronger than law.
An American would consider, if he was to find hand irons left in the
fireplace, or a chair or sofa left in the sitting-room, that the
former tenant had the right to call and take them away; and if he was
to undertake to smug gle any of those things he would consider himself
That difference of feeling and conduct arises from the difference
there is in the traditions of different countries. In America a man
would as soon venture to go into his neighbor's house and steal a
chair, as to retain one accidentally left there by a previous
occupant. I will notice another difference in traditions.
Among various other occupations I have been a carpenter, painter and
glazier, and when I learned my trades and worked, both as journeyman
and master, if I took a job of painting and glazing, say to the amount
of one pound sterling, or five dollars, and through my own
carelessness in any manner injured the work or material, I considered
it my duty to repair the injury at my own expense.
In Liverpool, Manchester, Preston, or anywhere else in England if you
employ a glazier to work to the value of one pound, ten or fifty
pounds, and he can manage in any way to put the windows in such a
position that the wind will blow them over and break them, he will do
it, in order to get the work to do over.
Do they think they do wrong? No. Why? Because their employers would
make them do their work for nothing, and then compel them to live on
roots and grass if their physical organization could endure it,
therefore, says the mechanic, "If I can get anything out of you I will
call it a godsend."
Servants in the houses of the great ones, if they can get anything out
of their masters besides their wages, call it a godsend. If they can
take bread, meat, butter, and cheese, without the masters knowing it,
to support their wives, mothers, fathers, children, brothers, and
sisters who are not capable of taking care of themselves, they will
put that provision in their possession, to keep them from starving to
death, and call it a godsend.
Let me do that in this country, and I should consider myself a
culprit, according to my judgment and traditions. No matter if I were
suffering for bread, and at the same time working among millions of
it, if I could not procure it by my labor, I must ask for it and have
it given to me, for if I got it in any other way, I must consider
myself a thief. Are the Americans altogether excusable? No, for if I
wish to find the rough and ready ones, I can do it as quick in America
as anywhere else.
Shall I tell you what are some of the traditions of a few of the
Americans? Yes. If they have not all they need to eat, drink, or wear,
and find an ox or cow on the range over Jordan, or anywhere else,
that belongs to me or you, and can take that animal and kill it they
will do so, and then sell the meat to you and me, and call that a
godsend, and say, "O we are all of one family." That is an American
tradition among a few; but as a general thing, the customs of this
country and the traditions of the nations across the great waters
When I went to England the brethren and sisters would not have me to
shave on the Sabbath, they would pay any price to have me shave on
Saturday. Said I, "I will shave on Sunday morning, if I have no time
to do so on Saturday." I told them that I did not come there to learn
their customs and traditions, but to teach the people the Gospel of
salvation. That we had traditions in America with regard to blacking
boots, shaving, &c., on Sunday, as well as they, but if I had no time
to do that work on Saturday, I would do it on Sunday, if I deemed it
necessary. And if I wished to go to meeting and worship God, it was
just as acceptable to do so on Saturday as on Sunday.
Adam Clark is taken by many as a standard amongst the commentators,
and it is said, if the clock struck twelve on Saturday night, and he
happened to have but one shoe blacked, that he would drop the blacking
and brushes, and go to meeting next day with one shoe blacked and the
other unblacked. That might by some be esteemed a pious example, and
by others a waymark to the kingdom of folly.
Such are a few of the traditions extant among different people. I have
no question but that many in our community do things which are
actually sinful if they did but know the right, but their traditions
are such that they act with impunity, and pass on as unconcerned and
unconscious of wrong as if they had just been on their knees praying.
If we live long enough together, we shall have a tradition of our own,
and that is, to be so trained in the law of the Celestial kingdom, to
so learn the law of right, as to be able at all times to know right
from wrong, and then always to do right. Is this the case now? No.
Suppose that several of the brethren were to go for fuel and timber in
Red Bute Canyon, where we generally went when we first came to this
Territory. Some go on up the canyon cutting a tree for timber in one
place, and preparing fuel for loading in another, while others follow
up with their teams, and you know that when they get a little
brush-whipped they are apt to become angry, to forget themselves a
little, and to say, "Damn it," and directly one will begin to say to
himself, "This canyon is as much mine as any persons; I think I shall
take this tree and this wood that are already cut."
Another comes across a wagon that is broken down, and takes one of the
hounds from it and puts it into his own. Still another passes by where
somebody has lost an axe; he finds it and takes it along, saying,
"Well, it is lost here, we are away in the wilderness, these are as
much my premises as anyone's; I will take out this helve and
put in another, and grind the axe over a little, and nobody will know
it; thank the Lord, I have an axe now."
Do you know that some people feel and act in that manner? I know they
do. Some will find wood cut in the canyon and load it on their wagons,
perhaps that which granddad, with his crippled limbs, had toiled hard
to collect together; but that makes no difference, they pile it on,
saying, "I believe I am blessed of the Lord, I am much favored of Him
today," and come out rejoicing, having found a load of wood already
cut. But what have they done? They have found loads of wood cut to
their hands, and apparently have not reflected but what an angel had
cut it expressly for them. This is a tradition and custom of the
Mountains. Some of you may inquire whether I believe what I am talking
about. Let me tell you what I have observed; two or three years ago I
went up City Creek Canyon to show a man where he might get wood on
shares, which I was having cut. I came to where my men were cutting
wood and brush to clear out the road, and I told them to pile it so
that my teamster could drive up and load it handily. Soon afterwards
an old gentleman came along and, without any privilege from me, drove
off the man to whom I had just engaged the wood and began to load it
on his wagon. That individual was an old Saint, one who had been
twenty years in this Church.
What is the feeling with some of the Yankees, English, Scotch, Irish,
French, Germans, &c.? "We have come to Zion where all things are
common." The devil has put this idea into the minds of some, and the
devil, I was going to say, cannot take it away from them. They possess
this feeling, and they are determined to have it so. With such the
idea is, "We are all children of one parent, we all belong to the
household of faith, we are one family, and we will have it so, and
will not be beat out of it."
This notion is partly right and partly wrong, and, as I have often
said, people ought to know how to discern between the things that are
of God and the things that are not of God. This is the spirit they
receive in the first place—"Ye are one in Christ Jesus," and that is
right, but are we one out of Christ Jesus? Many would like to have it
so. You have come here from all quarters to be one family, yet if some
of you come across a wagon wheel, you will appropriate it to your own
use, asking no leave; or if you have no axe, you will get one from
some part of the great family, and thank God for an axe; and if you
come across piles of wood, that you have not labored to cut, you
shout, "Thank God, hallelujah, I have found some wood ready cut to my
hand." That is being one out of Christ.
Others will say, "Let us take down this fence, and turn our cattle
into this meadow." You can find plenty of earth and pole fences
purposely thrown down, and might hear the trespassers exclaim, "O,
this is Father's land, let us enjoy it." Others will say, "Damn it, it
is mine as well as yours." I will take some of the reputed best men
now in this congregation, who, through carelessness and
thoughtlessness, when they have done their forenoon's work on their
five acre lots, turn out their cattle to feed, but at the same time
are sure to keep them off from their own lots; and you will find their
cattle in other people's oats, wheat, or grass, while they lay asleep.
Yes, some of the would-be-thought best men in this congregation are
sure to keep their cattle on their neighbor's lots, and off from their
own, and should you pass along and rouse them up, saying, "Why,
brethren, your cattle are in my oats," they would reply, "Really,
brother, I did not know it, I turned them out a little while, and lay
down to rest."
All such people deserve whipping and scolding, and require much
training. What for? Not for their goodness, their faith, obedience,
honesty, and anxiety to build up the kingdom of God, but for their
careless, indolent feelings, for their stupidity in laying down and
permitting their animals to trespass upon their neighbor's crops, for
trying to train themselves into the belief that it is right to take
this or that, or to do thus and so, when it is not strictly according
to the law of God. You and I have got to learn better things.
Let this land come into market and the brethren buy sections, half
sections, or quarter sections, and so on, and how soon you would hear,
"Bless you, now we have law to defend us." Can you not see that
tradition makes the brethren, where there is a little difficulty, walk
into the courtroom with all the confidence imaginable, feeling almost
like little gods, and exclaiming, "Now things will be done as they
should be, matters will go right now." And what is done? Why, the
lawyers and court take pretty much all the money; for a debt of five
dollars taken into court they will expend one hundred dollars of your
means in lawyers' fees, jury fees, and other court expenses, when the
question could have been settled in five minutes.
This is an American tradition, though there are fortunately many
exceptions to the power of this general tradition. Some men will go
into court and spend five hundred dollars and feel as nicely about it
as possible, even when their case has not been adjudicated as justly
as a sensible "Mormon" boy, ten years old, would do it. And yet, when
they know this fact full well, they will spend their time, day after
day, and their means with seeming contentment, saying to themselves,
"Oh, if we can only go into the court, and address the court, and say,
may it please the court, may it please your honor, may it please you,
gentlemen of the jury, O, how joyous we shall be—we shall feel as
though we were men of some importance, if we can only get up and strut
and splutter before a court." Even when merely a judge is sitting
there, like a bean on the end of a pipe stem, who would be flipped off
should a grain of good sense happen to strike him, how big he feels
while sitting there for days to adjudicate a case that should not
require five minutes.
We have got to learn better than to practice and follow after such
nonsense, and learn the principle and law of right. That is the
doctrine, the tradition which this people have got to come to. Will
they come to it? Yes, or be damned, one or the other. I would not give
the ashes of a rye straw for all the law that was ever made on this
earth, outside of that which has come from heaven, to control a
righteous man, neither would any man or woman that desires truth and
righteousness. Cannot you observe the law of righteousness as easily
as you can observe the poor, miserable, sunken laws devised by a set
of wicked men? Some may reply, "My traditions will not let me."
How do you suppose that the Lord looks upon litigation? It is just as
mean and contemptible, in the eyes of angels and of the Almighty, to
go to law, and thereby wrong a fellow being, as it is for you to go
and steal my property, yet some of you justify yourselves in going to
law, and in your other false and unholy traditions. Learn the law of
Christ and let alone the traditions of the children of men; make the
law of Christ your tradition, for we have got to come to this
I will now return to where I began, and again ask, why do you require
to be talked to so much? You know right from wrong; there is hardly a
person here, but what knows right from wrong, then why do you not all
do right? Because of your filthy traditions and dispositions. I have
often sincerely and absolutely thought that the doctrine and practice
of a certain lawyer was in the end strictly worldly wise; he first
studied divinity and preached to the people for the salvation of their
souls, until he learned that they did not care so much for their
spiritual as for their temporal salvation, when he studied and
practiced medicine, but soon discovered that the poor miserable wills
of men were more to them than the salvation of their bodies, and he
finally studied law and indulged all his clients in the expensive
gratification of their wills, which was dearer to them than the
salvation of soul and body.
When we have an antipathy towards a person, the temptation is strong
to be revenged, and one is inclined to say, "I will do this and that,
and will let the passion of the moment control me." But we have to
learn the law of Christ, and to train ourselves to it until it will
become the tradition of this people, and then you can bring up your
children in the way they should go. In every nation, community, and
family, there are peculiar traditions, and the child is trained in
them. If the law of Christ becomes the tradition of this people, the
children will be brought up according to the law of the celestial
kingdom, else they are not brought up in the way they should go.
Children will then be brought up, under the traditions of their
fathers, to do just right, and to refrain from all evil, and when old
they will not depart from a righteous course. Solomon could not carry
out this principle in his life, because he was not thoroughly brought
up in the way he should go. The old Indian adage is rather the most
applicable to the present practice of many, viz., "Train up a child,
and away it goes, as it pleases."
If this people could be shut out from all communication with other
people, and have no customs and traditions introduced foreign to the
law of Christ, we should soon see eye to eye, and our traditions would
be framed according to the celestial law; and we should then be
prepared to bring up our children in the way they should go.
I have spoken with much plainness concerning several traditions and
practices, in order that the Saints abroad may correctly understand
that we are not all, as yet, fully sanctified by the truth, and that
both they and the world may know that the Gospel net still gathereth
fish of every kind, that the flock has some goats intermingled with
sheep of various grades, and that the day of separation has not yet
arrived. May God bless you. Amen.