Brethren and Sisters—My feelings are with those who have spoken,
decidedly and firmly so. You have heard with reference to the
experience of the past. I have had an opportunity to obtain experience
in the past, and to observe as much perhaps as any one individual now
living, as it regards the Church of the Saints in this age.
And I bear testimony, not only by the Holy Spirit, but by personal
observation, memory, experience, and knowledge, that what has been
said is true, strictly speaking, in all its bearings, in regard
to the result of apostasy, as it relates to persecutions, breaking up,
robbing, plundering, suffering, and martyrdom in this world.
The subject that has been presented here by President Young, I have
revolved over in my own mind, and reflected upon it in its order. I
remember well several scenes, and the places, he referred to; and I do
not know of one single persecution, of any magnitude, that brought
trouble and general distress upon the people of God in this age, that
was not brought about directly by means of those that went out from
ourselves, who professed to be of us, if I may except the first
trouble in Jackson County, Missouri. I lived there at that time, and I
do not personally know that apostates, or unlawful conduct on the
part of those professing to be Saints, was the particular agent of
bringing about that persecution. I do not know, so far as my own
acquaintance with the circumstances is concerned, but that may be an
exception. I do not recollect but what the world there, without aid
from apostates, arose up and did what they did.
[Mr. Pratt's mind was refreshed by a person in the stand, that there
was an apostate who wrote a book previous to that persecution.] I now
recollect there were some writers, among which was a Mr. Booth, that
had been ordained to the Priesthood in this Church. He published
things well calculated to bring on persecution. There might have been
But I was speaking of personal actors, there, in the county. It was
not then, as generally is the case, or as it has been since, aided by
those from among ourselves. In all
the general persecutions, from that
time to the present, I do not recollect of a single instance, that the
general storm was not brought about by men from among ourselves,
professing the name, membership, and Priesthood of the Latter-day
Saints, traitors to the cause that they professed to believe. This was
the direct means of the suffering, and the breaking up, of the
community in Kirtland; of the breaking up of the community in, and the
expulsion of them from, Missouri. It was the direct means of this last
persecution which led to the martyrdom of the Prophet, and the
destruction of many others; the plundering of millions, the burning of
our Temple, and our migration to this country. We came here for peace.
We are now in a place where the extended desert, and snow clad
mountains, widely intervene on every side between us and our
neighbors, that they may not tread on our toes, and that we may not
tread on theirs.
We know who led us here. It was not only the Almighty God, by His
matchless providence, but by His servant—he that stands at the head of
this people, and those that were with him. These were they that led us
here—that so counseled and arranged and organized our local matters,
that we have been sustained here, and have been fed, clothed,
sheltered, and preserved. We have obtained our local, political rights
and privileges, and have been enabled to preserve them inviolate in
the face of all the opposition, lies, and slanders, which have been so
Many of us here, as well as many who sleep in the dust, have been worn
out in industriously accumulating property, making homes, and being
deprived of them by violence and robbery. We have spent our lives in
making homesteads, fencing, improving, cultivating, &c., without
enjoying the fruits of our labors.
Sooner than be subjected to a repetition of these wrongs, I, for one,
would rather march out today and be shot down. These are my feelings,
and have been for some time. Talk about liberty of conscience! Have not men liberty of conscience here? Yes. The Presbyterians,
Methodists, Quakers, &c., have here the liberty to worship God in
their own way, and so has every man in the world. People have the
privilege of apostatizing from this Church, and of worshipping devils,
snakes, toads, or geese, if they please, and only let their neighbors
alone. But they have not the privilege to disturb the peace, nor to
endanger life or liberty; that is the idea. If they will take that
privilege, I need not repeat their doom, it has been told here today,
they have been faithfully warned.
Why is it that these apostates wish to cram down people's stomachs
that which they loathe? That which they have no wish either to hear,
think about, or digest? If the people of a neighborhood, ward, or
city, wish to speak, hear, or worship, or to discuss any subject, they
have public and private buildings, schoolhouses, churches, or
assembly rooms in abundance. Why, then, are our streets disturbed by
tumults, railings, slanderous, abusive, and treasonable language,
under the name of preaching? If the city, or a large portion of its
citizens, wish to discuss any general principle, here is the
Tabernacle, and yonder is the State House, or the Theater—all owned by
the people, and under their control. Where is the need, then, of
preaching in the streets. But where is the city or community to be
found, who wish to discuss that which they already know and
understand? As to this man, or rather "thing," called Gladden Bishop,
and his pretended visions and revelations, I know him of old. I knew
him in Ohio, some eighteen or twenty
years ago. I remember his name.
My memory is poor in names, many of you know; but when there is
something associated with a name, that stamps it strongly on my mind,
I am not apt to forget it. I scarcely ever heard that name in my life,
that it was not associated with some imposition or falsehood in the
name of the Lord. If he was tried before the Councils of the Church,
he would confess that he had lied, in pretending to visions, angels,
and revelations, and ask forgiveness. If he was excommunicated, he
would join again, &c.
I never heard of him in any other light, but as a man or a "thing"
that crept in from time to time among the Saints, with attempts to
deceive the people with one imposition or another.
His difficulty all the time was, that the people would not be deceived
by him. I will not put him on a level with other apostates. Where can
we find one of them that has not had some influence? I know of no one
that had not some followers for awhile, although none could keep them;
but I never knew Gladden Bishop to gain a single follower among his
personal acquaintance. He was disfellowshipped, and received on his
professions of repentance, so often, that the Church at length refused
to admit him any more as a member. These apostates talk of proof! Have
we not proved Joseph Smith to be a Prophet—a restorer, standing at the
head of this dispensation? Have we not proved the Priesthood which he
placed upon others by the command of God?
I see no ground, then, to prove or to investigate the calling of an
apostate, who has always been trying to impose upon this people. It is
too late in the day for us to stop to inquire whether such an outcast
has the truth.
We have truths already developed, unfulfilled by us—unacted upon.
There are more truths poured out from the eternal fountain, already,
than our minds can contain, or than we have places and preparations to
carry out. And yet we are called upon to prove—what? Whether an egg
that was known to be rotten fifteen years ago, has really improved by
reason of age!!
"You are going to be destroyed," say they, "destruction awaits
this City!" Well! What if we are? We are as able to be destroyed as
any people living. What care we whether we are destroyed or not? These
old tabernacles will die of themselves, if let alone.
We have nothing to fear on that head, for we are as well prepared to
die as to live. One thing we have heard today, and I am glad to hear
it. We shall not be destroyed in the old way—as we have been
heretofore. We shall have a change in the manner, at least. We shall
probably be destroyed standing, this time, and not in a sitting or
lying position. We can die as well as others who are not as well
prepared! I am glad that while we do live we shall not submit to be
yoked or saddled like a dumb ass. We shall not stand still to see men,
women, and children murdered, robbed, plundered, and driven any more,
as in the States heretofore. Nor does God require it at our hands.
That is the best news we have heard today.
You may say, Wait till an enemy forms a league with others for your
destruction. We would do this, if we did not know the spirit that
actuates our enemies. Ignorant of this, we might sit down and wait
till men did actually cut our throats, in order to prove them. But if
you will manifest to me a spirit in any person, I will tell you where
that spirit leads, and so can President Young and his Counselors, and
every true-hearted Saint who has experience in the operations of
spiritual powers. We will try to act in time, and not suffer the
spirit of destruction to ripen in our midst.
It is not enough for people to have liberty to worship according to
sectarianism, Judaism, heathenism, and everything else, but they wish
the liberty to stab you to the heart.
It is policy not to wait till you are killed, but act on the defensive
while you still live. I have said enough on this subject.
I rejoice in living with this people. As brother Kimball said, this was
his heaven. It is mine. There might be a better people, but we can't
find them—they are not known upon the earth, in mortal flesh. If we
find a better people we shall have to wait till people grow better.
If we should find a better people before ourselves are grown better,
we could not live among them, and that would be the hell of it. We
have found a people as good as we are, and we are agreed to live
together. The light of truth has united us, and the spirit has
baptized us into a degree of oneness. The world thinks we are one in
the highest sense of the term; but God sees that there is much room
for us to improve in oneness. Where shall we begin to improve? I don't
know of anything better calculated to improve our union than to have
some wide meshes in the net, to let those slip through who don't wish
to be gathered, and to unite with the rest. There is an accumulation
here of the good and the bad, the chaff and the wheat, the tares and
the good grain, the good and bad fish which the Gospel net gathers.
The only safe way is for the good and bad to be separated. I like to
see the roads open, the snow disappear from the canyons, that spirits
not congenial to the Gospel of peace may go as many roads as there are
points of the compass. Such movements give opportunity for the Saints
to draw the cords of union still closer. May God bless you all. Amen.
- Parley P. Pratt